Supporting Information for "Molecular mechanisms underlying single nucleotide polymorphism-induced reactivity decrease in CYP2D6"

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Cytochrome P450 2D6 (CYP2D6) is one of the most important enzymes involved in drug metabolism. Genetic polymorphism can influence drug metabolism by CYP2D6 such that a therapy is seriously affected by under- or overdosing of drugs. However, a general explanation at the atomistic level for poor activity is missing so far. Here we show for the 20 most common single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of CYP2D6 that poor metabolism is driven by four mechanisms. We found in extensive all-atom molecular dynamics simulations that the rigidity of the I-helix (central helix), distance between central phenylalanines (stabilizing bound substrate), availability of basic residues on the surface of CYP2D6 (binding of Cytochrome P450 reductase), and position of arginine 132 (electron transfer to heme) are essential for an extensive function of the enzyme. These results were applied to SNPs with unknown effects and potential SNPs that may lead to poor drug metabolism were identified. The revealed molecular mechanisms might be important for other drug-metabolizing Cytochrome P450 enzymes.



MD simulations, CYP2D6